Wall lamps are a popular choice for lighting in homes and offices. Not only do they provide a soft, ambient glow to a room, but they also have the added benefit of taking up little space, leaving more room for other furniture and décor. However, installing a wall lamp requires some knowledge of electrical wiring. In this guide, we will explain everything you need to know to safely wire a wall lamp in your home or office.
Step 1: Gather Your Tools
Before you begin wiring your wall lamp, you will need to gather the necessary tools. These tools include:
- Wire stripper
- Voltage tester
- Wire nuts
- Electrical tape
- Wall anchors and screws (if not included with the lamp)
Step 2: Turn off the Power
Before beginning any electrical work, it is crucial to turn off the power to the room where you will be working. Locate the circuit breaker for the room and switch it off. You may also want to use a voltage tester to double-check that the power is off before proceeding.
Step 3: Prepare the Lamp
Remove any packaging and instructions from the lamp and inspect it for defects. Secure the backplate to the wall using the anchors and screws provided or with a drill, if necessary. Fit the wiring cover (if one is included).
Step 4: Remove the Old Fixture (if applicable)
If you are replacing an existing wall lamp, you will need to remove the old fixture before wiring in the new one. Use a screwdriver to remove the screws holding the fixture to the wall. You may also need to remove the mounting bracket.
Step 5: Connect the Wires
Using the wire stripper, remove about 1/2 inch of insulation from the end of each wire. The wires should be color-coded; the black or red wire is the “hot” wire, the white wire is the neutral wire, and the green or copper wire is the ground wire. If the wires are not color-coded, use the voltage tester to determine which wire is which.
Connect the hot wire from the lamp to the hot wire from the electrical box (which should be connected to the circuit breaker) using a wire nut. Connect the neutral wire from the lamp to the neutral wire from the electrical box in the same way. Finally, connect the ground wire from the lamp to the green or copper wire in the electrical box.
Use electrical tape to wrap the wire nuts and secure the wires in place.
Step 6: Attach the Lamp to the Wall Plate
Align the lamp with the backplate and secure it with the screws provided. Some lamps may have a cover over the electrical box mounting screws, so make sure to remove this cover before securing the lamp.
Step 7: Turn on the Power
Once the lamp is securely mounted to the wall and the wiring is complete, turn the power back on at the circuit breaker. Test the lamp to make sure it is functioning properly.